Friday, 2 September 2011

Environmental Engineering Seeks to Create Better Natural Environment

Environmental engineering is defined as the combination of science and engineering principles that are implemented with an intention to create better natural environment which is comprised of air, water, and land resources. It may include waste water management and air pollution control, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial hygiene, environmental sustainability, and public health issues as well as a knowledge of environmental engineering law. It also includes studies on the environmental impact of proposed construction projects. Hence, environmental consultant must be familiar with this overarching nature of environmental engineering.

Environmental engineers are engaged in the studies of hazardous-waste management and the evaluation of its significance. They take thorough research and advise on treatment and containment, and develop regulations to prevent mishaps. Environmental engineers also design municipal water supply and industrial wastewater treatment systems as well as address local and worldwide environmental issues such as the effects of acid rain, global warming, ozone depletion, water pollution and air pollution from automobile exhausts and industrial sources. As we discussed, environmental engineering is a wide science that includes biology, ecology, chemistry, geology, environmental law, public health, chemical engineering, nuclear engineering, civil engineering, and mechanical engineering.

As a general rule, environmental engineering requires a bachelor's degree at a minimum, and many employers prefer to see graduate level work from their candidates as well. At many universities, Environmental Engineering programs follow either the Department of Civil Engineering or The Department of Chemical Engineering at Engineering faculties. Environmental engineers who belong to civil engineering focus on hydrology, water resources management, bio remediation, and water treatment plant design. Environmental engineers who belong to chemical branch, on the other hand, focus on environmental chemistry, advanced air and water treatment technologies and separation processes.

Additionally, engineers are more frequently obtaining specialized training in law and are utilizing their technical expertise in the practices of Environmental engineering law.